A Legislative Look at 2013
December 5, 2012 in Latest News
By Rob Cooper, Director of Legislation Updates and Proposed Legislation at Softline VIP, part of the Sage Group plc.
The dawn of 2013 brings a number of legislative changes that are looming on the horizon.
Proposed changes to the South African Labour Relations Act (LRA)and the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA) are on the cards for 2013 in the wake of massive protest action that has crippled the country. Some of the proposed changes include the fact that minimum wages can be prescribed by the Minister of Labour. Public officials are also proposed to have the power to prohibit strikes in their sectors. It is also proposed that Unions must ballot and get majority agreement to strike or picket, but there is strong opposition from Cosatu who see this as a curtailment of their freedom to strike and one wonders whether this will be in the final legislation.
Fortunately, the debate whether labour brokers should be closed down or regulated, seems to have gone the way of stricter regulation. A decision has however been passed that ‘Atypical’ employees become ‘Deemed’ employees after six months. The upheaval in the industry has seen the number of labour brokers dramatically reduce from 3,234 in 2010 to 2,685 in 2011.
These proposals have been pushed through Nedlac, despite labour and business differences. Parliament’s labour portfolio committee is to finalise last ‘discussions’ with amendments to the respective bills having been published on 22 October 2012. The effective date is yet to be announced.
Employment Equity Act proposals were recently released by Nedlac that will see the act continuing to focus on provincial targets instead of national demographic targets. Increased fines and powers are proposed in addition to the introduction of the concept of equal pay for work of equal value. These proposals could quite possibly be rolled out in conjunction with the BCEA and LRA amendments.
South Africa has a Total of 19,5 million unemployed people, of whom 4,5 million are ‘officially’ unemployed in addition to 60% not having a matric. Of the youth under the age of 25, around 50% are unemployed. Unfortunately the Youth Subsidy, which had reached a fairly advanced stage, was given the political boot at the ANC’s June policy conference, to be replaced by a ‘Job seeker Grant’, of which there are no details available. It is expected that more information will be released at the Mangaung elective conference.
Tax Relief for Medical Expenses is expected to change in either March 2013 or March 2014, from a deduction calculation to a ‘Medical Tax Credit’ method of calculation. Contribution expenses for all taxpayers are to be defined, while an assessment method to calculate the tax relief on total medical expenses is to be tabled. These proposals will result in a gradual reduction of the value of our current tax relief which has been the trend over the past two years.
The National Health Insurance project is set to be a fourteen year project of which the total cost is still being debated…
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